Broad-Leaved and Curly Dock – A Foraging Guide to Its Food, Medicine and Other Uses

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Docks have grown in Britain since three ice ages ago, and remains of dock have been found in places where people once farmed, such as the ancient Celts.

Broad-leaved dock and curly dock has been used in food and medicine for centuries.

Scientific Name

Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius.

Curly Dock – Rumex crispus.



Botanical Description

R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes.

R. obtusifolius has long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature.


Both plants are native to Britain and Ireland and naturalised in North America.

Habitat and Distribution

They can be found on lawns, fields, disturbed or waste grounds.

Parts Used For Food

Young leaves, stems, seed.

Harvest Time

Spring and Summer.

Food Uses of Dock

They have tart, lemon-tasting leaves and are used similarly in cooking.

It is often agreed that the youngest plants are best and make a tasty ‘spinach’,REF while others find the taste ‘sour’ but ‘hearty’.REF

Serve the greens with butter, bacon, hard-boiled eggs and seasoning.REF

The leaves can also be stuffed like vine leaves with a rice, herb and cheese filling.REF

Dried they can be used as a seasoning for rice, potatoes, seafood or sandwich spread.REF

They produce large quantities of fruits and seeds, which can be boiled into a mush or ground and added to flour or meal for making bread, muffins and gravies.REF

The stems of young plants can be chopped, simmered and sweetened with honey as a substitute for rhubarb pie.

Nutritional Profile of Dock

Both plants are very nutritious. Curly dock, for example, contains more vitamin C than oranges and more vitamin A than carrots. It also contains vitamins B1 and B2, and iron.REF

Dock Recipes

Herbal Medicine Uses of Dock

The leaves are famously used to soothe nettle stings and often grow nearby the offending plant.

The cooling properties were also used to soothe insect bites and stings, as well as scalds, blisters and sprains.REF

They were a popular remedy for staunching bleeding or for purifying the blood.REF

The juice from the leaves can be applied as a compress to heal bruises.REF

The seeds have been used to treat coughs, colds and bronchitis, and the roots used as a remedy for jaundice, liver problems, skin ailments, boils, rheumatism, constipation and diarrhoea.REF

Other Uses of Dock

The seed heads are an important source of food for wildlife in winter, such as birds, rodents and deer.

The seed heads are also decorative and can be collected for ornamental flower arrangements.REF


Both plants contain oxalic acid which can be toxic if used in excessive amounts. Some text suggests they should be avoided during pregnancy and when breastfeeding. They can also trigger hayfever or aggravate asthma in some people.

About The Author

Robin HarfordRobin Harford is a plant-based forager, ethnobotanical researcher, and wild food educator. He is the author of Edible and Medicinal Wild Plants of Britain and Ireland.

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For over fifteen years I have experimented and explored the world of wild plants. Uncovering how our ancestors used plants to nourish and heal themselves.

I’ve spent thousands of hours digging through scientific papers, read hundreds of books. Even gone so far as to be nomadic for over a year. During this time I followed the seasons and plants around the highways and byways of these isles.

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  1. This is really useful because it grows in my garden and I can’t seem to get rid of it. I’ll try eating it. So far it ‘feeds’ the compost bin.


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