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There are around 400 species of violet found in the world, many of which are economically important.
With so many species to distinguish between and so many popular names to identify them, there is often much confusion around the description of ‘violet’ in literature.
For instance, the purple-coloured varieties of the flower can be distinguished from the rest by the Greek name ion, from which the purple colour ianthine is derived.
Another explanation for the name Io is the Greek myth of Zeus, or Jupiter, and his lover Io.
The king of the gods changed Io into a cow to hide her from his jealous wife, Hera or Juno, and then created violets as food for the cow.
For this reason, the violet is sometimes known as Jupiterbloem or ‘Jupiter’s flower’ in Flemish.
Geoffrey Grigson suggests that its scent really pulled the violet out of obscurity. He writes:
“Scent suggested sex, so the violet was a flower of Aphrodite and also of her son Priapus, the deity of gardens and generation…A flower so deeply and finely scented must also have its virtues in physic.”
Nearly all violets have five-petalled flowers. The flowers of V. odorata are sweetly fragrant and deep purple. The leaves are usually dark green, oval-shaped and slightly hairy. The creeping roots are short and stout.
Habitat and Distribution
Violets are a popular flower in cottage gardens. The plant also favours hedgerows and woodlands.
Parts Used for Food
Flowers and leaves.
Food Uses of Sweet Violet
Violet flowers can be crystallised and used as edible decorations. The flowers also make a pretty garnish sprinkled over salads, omelettes, cakes and desserts.
Violet tea is easily made by pouring hot water over the petals or flower heads.
The chopped leaves can be added to salads and soups, dipped in batter, and fried as an appetiser.
The leaves also make a tasty sandwich with bread and butter.
Sweet Violet Recipes
Violet leaves are high in vitamin C and contain vitamin A and other minerals and saponins. Research suggests the plant also has significant antioxidant activity.
Herbal Medicine Uses of Sweet Violet
Because of their expectorant and stimulating effects, Violet root is used in remedies for coughs, colds, bronchitis and sore throats.
The root is also used to make eyewashes and mouthwashes and to treat thrush.
Violet leaf tea can also be drunk for coughs.
The leaves are considered to be antiseptic and can be taken internally as tea or externally as a compress.
V. odorata is one of the most economically important species of violet. It is grown commercially in southern France to produce essential oils to manufacture perfume, flavouring and cosmetics.
Around 100 g of flowers are used to produce 31 g of essential oil of violet by the process of macerating the petals in hot fat.
About 1000 g of violet leaves produce 400 g of violet absolute.
The absolute and essential oil has various uses in perfumes and cosmetics for hair and skin.
Several sources suggest that the overuse of violet can be harmful; thus, it is a herb to use in moderation. Side effects may include vomiting. In addition, it’s thought best to avoid using violet during pregnancy and when breastfeeding.
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